The city of Vienna is one of the largest residential property owners in the world and constructs between 4,000 and 7,000 apartments every year. It established its construction program in response to four major housing shortages in Vienna’s history: 1) In the second half of the nineteenth century, increasing industrialization caused a dramatic situation on the housing market, resulting in a wave of private housing construction for profit. 2) After World War I, a new legislature and returning soldiers led the new socialist city government to respond with the housing program of “Red Vienna,” which will be the main focus of this paper.(1) 3) After World War II, the vast damage from wartime bombing created a similar situation, confronting the city with the need to adopt a policy. 4) The last housing shortage was caused in the post-1989 period when Central and Eastern European states opened their borders and large numbers of immigrants and asylum-seekers tried to settle in the city.
Blümel, Manfred: Socialist Culture and Architecture in Twentieth Century Vienna, University of Vienna and Center for Austrian Studies, Working Paper 94-3, 1994